The Czech Statistical Office has published a new Statistical Yearbook 2020 and it brings more significant changes this time. More information was added about the use of 3D printing, robots or the Internet, and we even found out that women suffer from allergies more often than men! Among other things, the yearbook also reveals that inflation rose by 2.8% last year, which is the highest rate in seven years.
"Thanks to statistics, we will eventually be able to comparehow our society and our economy have survived over time. Statistical data are also an important source of information, on their basis we can target the necessary assistance for economic recovery. In these difficult times, the societal benefits of reliable and independent official statistics are only being confirmed,"
Thanks to statistics, we can compare how our economic system is doing every year, as well as deduce how to help rebuild the economy. The new volume, reflecting the year 2019, brings a lot of novelties that we have not yet encountered in the recent years. These relate, among others, to the use of the Internet, electronics or healthcare.
According to the tables, we found out that women, regardless of age, suffer from allergies or problems with vision and cervical spine more than men (approximately 4-6%). Men, on the other hand, suffer more from high blood pressure. In 2019, hypertension occurred in 27% of men and in 25% of women. In general, however, men are healthier, in 2019 by about 5%. They are not afflicted by long-term illness or physical pain as much as women across all age groups. At the same time, other statistics show that men consume much less fruit and vegetables than women (by 14-17%). So we would like to know how the gentlemen do it. They even smoke and drink more!
The number of robots and 3D printers used in large companies has also increased by 8% in the last two years. And they are used in the manufacturing industry or construction too. It's not surprising, however, that each sector of the Information Society chapter shows an increase. We use mobile phones more to access social networks and online shopping increased by 15% compared to last year. We also use internet banking services more often, and it is most preferred by housewives, up to 30% more than by students or employed people.
Information on e-health has recently been added to this sector, reporting that we can be proud of our seniors. Last year, four times more pensioners under the age of 64 applied for an electronic prescription. In 2018, the increase was 4%, in 2019 as much as 20%. It seems that they already have the internet at their fingertips!
Speaking of construction, the Czech people are not behind on this either! Last year, a total of 86,283 building permits were issued, which is 5,109 more than in 2018. Most of them were issued in the Central Bohemian Region (18,337) and the South Moravian Region (9,344), the least in the Karlovy Vary Region (2,123). In Prague, there were 3,523 permits issued, which is the least in the last 5 years. The Czechs managed to complete 36,406 flats in 2019, while in 2018 it was almost three thousand less.
And what does it look like if the Czech people are not building anymore, but are already living? The costs of monthly housing, including electricity, rent, gas, heat and hot water, amounted to 5,799 CZK last year, while in 2018 it was 5,706 CZK.
The average gross monthly wage was slightly increased again in 2019, from the original 33,684 CZK (2018) to 36,336 CZK. Salaries have also increased, which affected teachers in particular. For them, the average monthly gross wage in 2018 was between 30,000 CZK and 37,000 CZK (depending on the type of school), last year it was between 34,000 CZK and 42,000 CZK. Officials have also moved up. Last year, their average wage got to 29,784 CZK (from the original 27,793 CZK in 2018). Things have also improved for service and sales staff. Their average salary in 2018 was 23,069 CZK, and in 2019 it rose to 25,272 CZK. The salary of engineering workers increased by a similar amount, from the original 36,938 CZK in 2018 to 39,635 CZK in 2019.
Unfortunately, the prices of consumer goods were disproportionately increased along with the wages. We also pay more for services, such as a hairdresser, and even for education. Studying foreign languages cost us a 100 CZK a month more than the previous year. It is also more expensive to stay in a hotel or have lunch in the school canteen.
In the pre-crisis year of 2019, gross domestic product also increased, by 2.5%. It is now at 6.9 percentage points. A significant growth in information and communication activities and the development of transport infrastructure also continued. Strong household consumption helped the retail, where sales increased by 4.8%.
The last important novelty in the Statistical Yearbook is the division of university students according to citizenship, form of study and study program. In total, 29,417 men and women received a master's degree from public and private universities in 2019, most often in the field of law or business. 32,520 students got their bachelor's degree and 2,302 students finished their doctoral degree. Although these figures may seem high, the number of graduates has been systematically declining since 2014, with a few exceptions. Compared to 2018, the master's degree was awarded to 2,045 fewer students, the bachelor's degree to 2,273 fewer students and the doctoral degree to 148 fewer students.
All the information that the Statistical Yearbook offers is of a great value to us. This year has brought a lot of changes and uncertainties and it will therefore only be beneficial for our economy if we have as much information and data as possible to kick-start it again.
You can find the Statistical Yearbook of the Czech Republic 2020 on the official CZSO website. Since the establishment of the independent Czech Republic, this is the 28th volume of an uninterrupted edition bringing detailed data from the economy, demography and the social sphere in the past year. This year's volume contains 32 chapters on 808 pages.